Exceptions and errors¶
This section lists all available exceptions in alphabetical order.
- class ArithmeticError¶
The base class for those built-in exceptions that are raised for various arithmetic errors.
- class AssertionError¶
Raised when an assert statement fails.
- class AttributeError¶
Raised when an attribute reference or assignment fails.
- class BaseException¶
The base class for all built-in exceptions.
It is not meant to be directly inherited by user-defined classes (for that, use
- class EOFError¶
Raised when the
input()function hits an end-of-file condition (EOF) without reading any data.
- class Exception¶
All built-in exceptions are derived from this class.
All user-defined exceptions should also be derived from this class.
- class GeneratorExit¶
Raised when a generator or coroutine is closed.
- class ImportError¶
Raised when the
importstatement is unable to load a module.
- class IndentationError¶
Base class for syntax errors related to incorrect indentation.
- class IndexError¶
Raised when a sequence subscript is out of range.
- class KeyboardInterrupt¶
Raised when the user hits the interrupt key (normally Ctrl C).
- class KeyError¶
Raised when a mapping (dictionary) key is not found in the set of existing keys.
- class LookupError¶
The base class for the exceptions that are raised when a key or index used on a mapping or sequence is invalid.
- class MemoryError¶
Raised when an operation runs out of memory.
- class NameError¶
Raised when a local or global name is not found.
- class NotImplementedError¶
In user defined base classes, abstract methods should raise this exception when they require derived classes to override the method, or while the class is being developed to indicate that the real implementation still needs to be added.
- class OSError
This exception is raised by the firmware, which is the Operating System that runs on the hub. For example, it raises an
OSErrorif you call
Motor(Port.A)when there is no motor on port A.
- class OverflowError¶
Raised when the result of an arithmetic operation is too large to be represented.
- class RuntimeError¶
Raised when an error is detected that doesn’t fall in any of the other categories.
The associated value is a string indicating what precisely went wrong.
- class StopIteration¶
Raised by built-in function
next()and an iterator’s
__next__()method to signal that there are no further items produced by the iterator.
Generator functions should return instead of raising this directly.
- class SyntaxError¶
Raised when the parser encounters a syntax error.
- class SystemExit¶
Raised when you press the stop button on the hub or in the Pybricks Code app.
- class TypeError¶
Raised when an operation or function is applied to an object of inappropriate type.
- class ValueError¶
Raised when an operation or function receives an argument that has the right type but an inappropriate value. This is used when the situation is not described by a more precise exception such as
- class ZeroDivisionError¶
Raised when the second argument of a division or modulo operation is zero.
Debugging in the REPL terminal¶
from pybricks.pupdevices import Motor from pybricks.parameters import Port from pybricks.tools import wait # Initialize the motor. test_motor = Motor(Port.A) # Start moving at 500 deg/s. test_motor.run(500) # If you click on the terminal window and press CTRL+C, # you can continue debugging in this terminal. wait(5000) # You can also do this to exit the script and enter the # terminal. Variables in the global scope are still available. raise KeyboardInterrupt # For example, you can copy the following line to the terminal # to get the angle, because test_motor is still available. test_motor.angle()
Detecting devices using
from pybricks.pupdevices import Motor from pybricks.parameters import Port from uerrno import ENODEV try: # Try to initialize a motor. my_motor = Motor(Port.A) # If all goes well, you'll see this message. print("Detected a motor.") except OSError as ex: # If an OSError was raised, we can check what # kind of error this was, like ENODEV. if ex.errno == ENODEV: # ENODEV is short for "Error, no device." print("There is no motor this port.") else: print("Another error occurred.")